IEEE 802.11BA-2017 pdf free.IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio: An Application, Market, and Technology Impact Analysis of Low-Power/Low-Latency 802.11 Wireless LAN Interfaces.
The Wi-Fl, cellular, and Bluetooth protocols are also the three main candidates for connecting the Internet of Things—and each has strengths and weaknesses.
Wi-Fl (IEEE Std 802.1 ITU) fits seamlessly into the IEEE 802 ecosystem that includes Ethernet (IEEE Std 802.3Th)and between the two, carry the lion’s share of the world’s digital data and offer straightforward integration with the Internet and web-based services. [See Appendix 2 for a table of the principle IEEE 802 working groups and a quick review of some IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fi amendments that have expanded the standard over the past two decades.J Wi-Fl and Ethernet are designed to accommodate high-bandwidth data, such as streaming videos and file sharing systems. Wi-Fl can operate through user-owned equipment and transmits on unlicensed radio frequencies. This makes it relatively easy and economical to set up wireless LANs. By the same token, setting up a Wi-Fl network can require some configuration. Until now, Wi-Fi has had a reputation for high power consumption, which has limited the service lives of remote devices in the field. Low-Power Wake-Up Radio is aimed at provided a well-integrated power- conservation tool to remedy this shortcoming.
Cellular radios—including data-oriented 4G and 5G services—offer long reach over licensed frequencies via commercially owned and maintained infrastructure. Cell service is highly reliable with low latency over wide areas, though users must generally use cell-system providers’ equipment and pay access fees. Cellular communication remains focused on the base station: the cell tower. While there are proposals for supporting direct device-to-device communication on the edge, those standards are still being drafted and it is unclear whether and how this will be implemented.
Bluetooth® offers a short-distance, low-power connection. It was originally designed to connect cell phones with wireless peripherals like headsets, and has been oriented towards lower-bandwidth applications.
Smartphone users know that leaving the phone’s screen and radios active can drain a battery in just a few hours. For example, an iPhone 7 with a 1,960 milliamp-hour battery may deliver about 15 hours of 3G phone talk time, 12 hours of Internet browsing over an LTE cell connection, or 15 hours of Internet access over Wi-Fi. Short-range Bluetooth radios transmit at 1 to 2.5 milliwatts. Cellular and Wi-Fl radios generally broadcast at anywhere from 100 to a maximum of 1,000 milliwatts. But they clearly do not transmit constantly at full power, if they did, that 1,960 milliamp-hour battery would last no more than five or six hours, even if the phone used no power for anything else.
Various amendments to the IEEE 802.11 standard (e.g., 802.11a, 802.llb, 802.llg, etc.) call for transmitting at lower power where appropriate (or where required by a complex web of regulatory and engineering requirements) at around 20 to 100 mW EIRP (equivalent isotropically radiated power, a figure that takes the antenna’s signal boost into account). These are estimated figures as actual power usage can vary in response to the details of the protocol and environmental conditions.IEEE 802.11BA pdf download.