ISO 21262-2020 pdf free.Industrial trucks – Safety rules for application, operation and main tenance.
4 Basic requirements
4.1 General requirements
4.1.1 The user shall specify and use the appropriate truck and equipment for the processes and operating environment. The user shall ensure that all information plate(s) (e.g. capacity) and markings are in place and are maintained in a legible condition.
4.1.2 The truck shall be used, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
4.1.3 Only trucks of types approved for use in potentially explosive atmospheres shall be used in those environments.
4.1.4 If trucks are used in special areas, such as cold storage or public roads, additional requirements can apply.
4.1.5 Additional measures or equipment for fire protection may be requested by the user of the truck according to the environment(s) in which the truck is used.
4.1.6 The user shall ensure trucks used in work environments subject to hazard from static electrical discharge are equipped with anti-static devices.
4.1.7 When damage, or other defects which affect safety on a truck or attachment, is detected, the truck shall be taken out of service immediately. Trucks and attachments which are not safe to operate shall not be put into service until they have been properly repaired.
NOTE It is considered good practice to place temporary warnings to trucks indicating they are not safe to operate.
4.1.8 The user shall assess noise emissions to operator and other persons.
4.1.9 Except as in Clause 9, no person shall be permitted to stand or pass under the elevated part of any truck, regardless of whether the truck is laden or unladen.
4.1.11 The user shall provide monitoring and controls of the operating environment to ensure the safety of persons around the truck and the safe operation of truck (see AnnexA).
4.1.12 The operator shall be trained in the operation of the truck including any attachments and any automated functions, and shall operate according to the manufacturer’s operating instructions.
4.1.13 The operator shall be trained regarding their obligations and be familiar with all the safety information including operating instructions of the truck.
4.1.14 The user shall designate the person(s) responsible for supervising truck operator(s). The person(s)
responsible for supervising powered truck operator(s) shall be trained in how to apply actions that:
— reinforce operator safety rules and practices; and
— correct unsafe operator behaviour or performance that does not conform to the requirements in 4.2.
4.1.15 The user shall not allow unauthorized persons to use the truck and shall take measures to prevent this (e.g. instruction for the operator on how to leave the truck).
4.2 General requirements for the operator
4.2.1 The operator shall pay attention to the operating environment, including other persons, and fixed or movable objects in the vicinity of the truck and truck travel path.
4.2.2 If the operator’s compartment floor height is 300 mm or higher, the operator shall use 3-point contact, such as maintaining contact with one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot at all times, when mounting or dismounting a truck. Keep hands free of items (e.g. food, beverage, tools, phones).
4.2.3 The operator shall always face the truck when getting on or off the truck.
4.2.4 The operator shall wear the protective equipment necessary for the specific type and operating conditions of the truck (e.g. safety footwear).
4.2.5 When leaving the truck, except pedestrian-propelled trucks, the operator shall secure it against unauthorized use.
4.2.6 Self-propelled trucks shall not be used to transport passengers unless they are specially equipped for this purpose and the number of permissible passengers on the truck shall not be exceeded.
4.2.7 Before starting the truck, the operator shall ensure that there are no persons in the hazard zone. When operating the truck, a warning signal shall be given if persons are in danger. The operator shall stop operating the truck immediately if persons do not leave the hazard zone despite an appropriate warning.ISO 21262 pdf download.